The goal of our website is to inform both citizens and expatriates of their rights and privileges as employees in the UAE to ensure that they are able to maintain a congruous workplace environment. Firms and companies may also find the resources provided herein beneficial for hiring legal and competent labor for the private sector within the UAE.
A thorough understanding of the UAE Labor Law can facilitate healthier and more productive relationships between employers and employees. All amendments to the Law have been incorporated into official publications of the Law; they include:. However, the UAE has adopted multiple measures, decrees, and resolutions to increase worker protections and clarify the existing Law. The most recent updates are as follows:. Ministerial Decree No. Federal Law No. The following list includes all other additional texts, government decrees, and ministerial orders which have complemented the Labor Law:.
Work Permits and Employment Cards. Academic Qualifications Certificates. Fees and Bank Guarantee. Cancellation and Absence from Work.
Legal system of the United Arab Emirates
Punishments and Penalties. Private Recruitment Agencies. Labor Disputes. Occupational Safety and Health. Employment of Juveniles and Women.
Working Hours and Places. GCC Nationals. Prior tothe UAE consisted of seven emirates, or sheikhdoms, known as the Trucial States under a British protectorate.
The seventh emirate, Ras Al Khaimahjoined the federation on 10 February The UAE is governed by a Federal monarchy in which each emirate is governed by their own absolute monarch; together these monarchs form the Federal Supreme Council. The Federal Supreme council selects one of the monarchs to rule the constituent states of the federation as President of the United Arab Emirates. Dubai is the largest city in the UAE; however, Abu Dhabi is the capital, which is the largest of the seven emirates and the second largest city in the country.
Early history of the UAE is synonymous with the nomadic, herding, and fishing lifestyles found throughout the breadth of the region. Remnants of the Umm al-Nara bronze age culture, have been discovered throughout the region and date back as far as the 3rd millennium BC. In time, the Bedouin tribe, translated from Arabic to desert-dwellers, would emerge as the principal pillars for modern day UAE society. Islam was introduced to the region in AD bringing with it Arabic language, writing, and Islamic art.
The newly converted region, specifically Julfar, known today as Ras al-Khaimah, became the basis for the Islamic conquest of Persia, or present day Iran. The increased interest in the city aided Julfar in becoming a wealthy port and pearling center.
European desire to colonize the area continued as the British struggled to gain control. Inthe British signed a General Treaty of Peace on the nine Arab sheikhdoms redefining the region as the Trucial Coast specifically in an attempt to protect their links to India, combat piracy, and remove any European competitors from the area.
Pearling thrived as the main industry for the people of the Persian Gulf; however, the rapid decline of pearl fishing was brought about by World War I, the Japanese cultivation of cultured pearls, and the Great Depression.This includes sending emojis of the aforementioned indecent gestures.
She later accused him of having an affair. Eating and drinking is completely banned on all forms of public transport and their stations, from metros and buses to pedestrian crossings. Poppy seeds are a source of opium and are a banned substance in the UAE.
Being caught in possession of poppy seeds is a serious violation of the law and results in a jail sentence. Raising money for charitable causes close to your heart is a tricky business in the UAE. So whether you are trying to access a restricted or blocked site, or downloading copyrighted material, you are risking a hefty fine. You are prohibited from washing your car in residential areas or employing labourers to wash your car. Instead, you have to take your car to proper facilities, such as those at petrol stations and the car parks of shopping malls.
This is a very serious offence that has caught out many people in the past. The UAE is very strict about preserving the privacy of individuals, and taking a picture of someone without their knowledge or consent is taken very seriously.
This is further exacerbated if you post these images on social media platforms. Taking pictures in general is a risky business in the UAE. As well as a prohibition against taking pictures of military buildings, courts and palaces, you are not permitted to take any pictures of road accidents you see on your journeys.
This extends to aviation accidents: posting images and videos on social media platforms is completely prohibited. Possibly the most ambiguous offence on this list, anything construed as a rumour is punishable under UAE law.
This was brought to light after the floods, when photos and videos of the damage caused by the heavy rain and strong winds were circulated widely on social media platforms. These were denounced as rumours, and it was declared that discussing the storm and sharing negative photos was illegal. Select currency. From Dubai to Abu Dhabi, these are some of the strangest ways you can get arrested, fined or even deported from the country.
Swearing on WhatsApp. Eating or drinking on public transport. Carrying foods containing poppy seeds. Using a VPN. Having a dirty car. Washing your car. Taking photos of people without their permission. Snapping and sharing photos of road or aviation accidents.
Making and spreading rumours.Ministry of Justice has a legal portal that contains most federal laws passed sinceavailable in both Arabic and English. The aim of the portal is to improve understanding of the UAE's laws and legal system. Check online the latest laws and legislations issued by the UAE government.
Federal laws are published in the UAE's Official Gazette within a maximum of two weeks from the date of they are signed by the President. Stay at home Step out only if you need to get food or healthcare, or if you work in a critical sector Stay 2 metres 6 feet away from others Avoid contact with objects that may have been touched by others Wash your hands for at least 20 seconds Sanitise your hands often Wear simple masks if you are ill, or when taking care of a sick person Clean and disinfect surfaces like countertops, door handles, furniture, toys, phones, laptops, remotes and anything else you use regularly, several times a day Self-isolate if sick; call health authorities when needed Trust information from government authorities only Follow government regulations in this matter.
Do not shake hands and do not kiss or hug to greet someone Do not gather in groups or socialise Avoid touching your face, particularly your eyes, nose and mouth Do not spread rumours.
Disclaimer: You are using Google Translate. The UAE mGovernment is not responsible for the accuracy of information in the translated language. Where to find UAE federal laws? Was this information helpful? Give us your feedback so we can improve your experience. Thank you for submitting your feedback. Your message. Contact govt entities.View Alerts and Messages Archive. Abu Dhabi, U. The fee is 35 UAE dirhams and is payable only in the local currency.
Please verify this information with the Embassy of the United Arab Emirates before you travel. All travelers must exit the country with the passport on which they entered. Travelers should visit a UAE immigration office prior to departure to obtain an exit pass if they plan to leave the UAE without the passport on which they entered. Travelers both departing the UAE and transiting will be barred from exiting the UAE if there are any criminal or civil legal cases against them; this includes travelers simply changing planes in the UAE with no intention of exiting the airport.
Travelers have been arrested at the airport and their passports seized due to outstanding financial cases, unsettled legal disputes, late credit card payments, and for cases that were previously unknown to the traveler. In such cases, some individuals have been arrested and detained for long periods of time. Individuals will be barred from leaving the UAE until legal cases are settled in full.
This affects all persons whether they are in the UAE as residents, tourists, or are only transit passengers. The Government of the UAE requires that all persons residing in the country have a national identification card. This includes visas that have already expired or have never been used.
Travelers may be denied entry into the UAE if previous visas have not been properly cancelled. Any disputes over final wages or benefits owed may prolong the cancellation process and require settlement through the legal system.
The visa holder may not be permitted to depart the UAE at the end of an employment term until the visa has been cancelled. More information on the process is available on the UAE Government portal. Those who carry both Emirati and U. The embassy may be restricted from providing certain consular services to those who did not enter the UAE on a U. Possession or importation of CBD products, including those found in prescription and over the counter medications in the United States and other countries, are prosecuted in the same manner as marijuana possession.
All tourists and residents of the UAE should seek prior approval before carrying certain types of medications, narcotics, or chemical substances to or through the UAE.
Travelers can also find updated lists of prohibited medications requiring prior approval on the same website. Travelers with prescription medication must have their prescriptions issued by licensed doctors and authenticated by the appropriate authorities. In order for a U. BoxFax: Do not transport any arms or items that may be considered law enforcement or military equipment.
Such items include, but are not limited to:. Persons found to be carrying such items, even in the smallest quantities, will be arrested and face strict criminal penalties, including imprisonment, large monetary fines, forfeiture of the items, and deportation. Possession of any of these items can lead to detention and lengthy jail sentences. Terrorism: U. The Department of State remains concerned about the global threat of terrorism, including the possibility of terrorist attacks against U.
Both historical and current information suggest that terrorist organizations continue to plan attacks against Western targets; these attacks may employ a wide variety of tactics, including suicide operations, assassination, kidnapping, hijacking, and bombing. Rebel groups operating in Yemen have stated an intent to attack neighboring countries, including the UAE, using missiles and unmanned aerial systems drones.
These groups have already launched long-range missiles and unmanned aerial systems into Saudi Arabia, specifically targeting populated areas and civilian infrastructure; they have publicly stated their intent to continue such attacks. In addition, U. Boating: On several occasions in past years, small groups of expatriate recreational boaters were detained by the Iranian Coast Guard for alleged violation of Iranian territorial waters while fishing near the island of Abu Musa, approximately 20 miles from Dubai.
Any country or area may restrict travel without notice. If you live in the UK and are currently travelling abroad, you are strongly advised to return nowwhere and while there are still commercial routes available.
Many airlines are suspending flights and many airports are closing, preventing flights from leaving. UAE laws and customs are very different to those in the UK. There may be serious penalties for doing something that might not be illegal in the UK. You are strongly advised to familiarise yourself with, and respect local laws and customs. Inthe holy month of Ramadan is expected to start on 24 April and finish on 23 May. See Travelling during Ramadan.
You can read more about living in the UAE here. Importing pork products and pornography into the UAE is illegal.
Videos, books, and magazines may be subject to scrutiny and may be censored. There is zero tolerance for drugs-related offences. The penalties for trafficking, smuggling and possession of drugs even residual amounts are severe.
Sentences for drug trafficking can include the death penalty and possession of even the smallest amount of illegal drugs can lead to a minimum 4-year jail sentence. The Emirati authorities count the presence of drugs in the blood stream as possession. Some herbal highs, like Spice, are illegal in the UAE. Many people stop off in UAE airports on their way to other destinations.
UAE airports have excellent technology and security, so transiting passengers carrying even residual amounts of drugs may be arrested. If found in possession of such products, they will be confiscated and you may face criminal charges. A list of narcotic, psychotropic and controlled drugs where this rule applies, allowed quantities and documents to present can be found on the UAE Ministry of Health website. Non-Muslim residents can get a liquor licence to drink alcohol at home and in licensed venues.
These licences are valid only in the Emirate that issued the licence. Residents must also get a permit to be able to drink in licensed venues. In Dubai, tourists are able to obtain a temporary liquor licence for the duration of a month from the two official liquor distributors in Dubai. Tourists will be provided with a code of conduct document and will be asked to confirm they understand rules and regulations in relation to purchasing, transporting and consuming liquor in Dubai.
This licence is only for use in the Emirate where it is issued. Liquor licences are not available to non-residents in the other Emirates, but it is possible for tourists and visitors to buy and drink alcohol in licensed venues, such as hotels, restaurants and clubs. However, you should be aware that it is a punishable offence under UAE law to drink or be under the influence of alcohol in public. British nationals have been arrested and charged under this law, often in cases where they have come to the attention of the police for a related offence or matter, such as disorderly or offensive behaviour.
Generally, the legal age for drinking alcohol is 18 in Abu Dhabi, but a Ministry of Tourism by-law prevents hotels from serving alcohol to those under the age of In Dubai and all other emirates besides Sharjah, the drinking age is Thinking about a holiday in the UAE, or maybe you are considering the possibilities of employment there?
There are a few things you need to know before you go and while you are there. Always remember that you are in a different country with a different cultural and belief system to the majority of westerners, we can seem as strange to them as they might sometimes appear to us. To ensure that your stay is memorable, for all the right reasons, keep in mind that you are no longer in your own country.
Respect the laws and values of the country and your stay should be an extremely enjoyable one! However, Islam is a way of life in the city, and therefore tourists should adopt a certain level of cultural and religious sensitivity for the duration of their stay. Tourists will not be able to purchase alcohol in general stores and supermarkets etc. It is against the law to drink alcohol whilst walking in the street or to be drunk in a public place.
For those living in the UAE a special licence must be obtained before purchasing alcohol from the exclusive, specialised, licensed stores. This licence is only a permit for buying alcohol.
It does not give any immunity for alcohol related criminal offences. It is an offence to carry alcohol in your car if you do not hold the special alcohol licence.
If you come to the attention of the police you may be arrested, even though you may have purchased the alcohol legally. Alcohol can only be consumed by over 21s. Alcohol is not available in Sharjah. You can be charged and imprisoned if you are caught with even the smallest amount of alcohol in your system; If your going to drink walk, get a cab our use the metro.
Tailgating, speeding, racing, lane jumping and using a mobile phone while driving are all against the law. There are numerous speed cameras on the roads and motorways. Fines in the UAE are heavy. Wearing a seatbelt is mandatory. If you are caught committing this offence you could be subject to a fine.
Checking the banned substances list from the local consulate or your embassy is also helpful for peace of mind. A general open letter is NOT sufficient, the letter must cover the period of travel, and describe the illness and the relative medicines prescribed for that illness.
If you are bringing prescription drugs into the UAE you may need to seek prior agreement from the authorities. Always check with the Government link below for total clarification. Do not just check with your travel agent or hotel as they may not be totally up to speed with current UAE laws. There are however many designated areas where smoking is allowed. Traditions: The UAE is built on generations of Islamic traditions which are rooted firmly in its culture and tribal heritage.
These traditions have been passed down from generation to generation and form the very cornerstone of every day life for an Emirati family. The Emirati are friendly people who show tolerance and an open minded approach to visitors in their country; but their culture and values should always be respected.
Expat Community: In the last 30 years, Abu Dhabi, Dubai and the other Emirates have gone through a total transformation from small Arab trading ports into modern cities. The streets, shopping malls and business areas are alive with numerous languages and cultures. Do keep in mind that you will probably meet many people with different values and opinions. The culture and laws in the UAE are designed to ensure that everyone is respectful of each other regardless of their faith and nationality.
Visitors and residents alike should avoid types of improper conduct and behaviour which can otherwise lead to fines, imprisonment and deportation. In public places such as shopping malls, restaurants and parks, you are encouraged to dress appropriately.
Clothing should NOT be transparent, indecently expose parts of the body or display offensive pictures or slogans. Be careful as well if you are tattooed with what could be deemed offensive images or slogans, if in doubt cover up.
Be aware that if you enter one of these areas dressed inappropriately you could albeit unlikely be asked to leave most of the larger shopping malls display signs warning respectable clothing should be worn.The Islamic Shariah highlights the importance of children and the necessity to look after them and their welfare so that they can reach their fullest potential in life. The UAE follows the same by emphasizing the rights of children and their need for strong protection.
It was one of the first countries in the Middle East to sign the United Nations Convention on Child Protection, and has addressed the rights of children in different existing laws ensuring that they are carried out effectively. The law contains around 75 articles setting out general and specific legal provisions protecting the rights of any child. Article 2 sets out the objectives that the UAE authorities hope to achieve for every child, such as their right for a safe life, development, freedom, and not to be exposed to any kind of abuse or negligence.
Article 3 further asserts protecting a child against discriminatory acts based on race, ethnic origin, religion or disability. The child is entitled to a name from birth. Not doing so could lead to imprisonment or a fine of no less than 5, Dirhams as set out in Article 60 of the law. Employment of children under the age of 15 is illegal.UAE Employment Contracts: Limited vs Unlimited - Al Tamimi & Company
However it is permissible to employ those who are 15 years old and above, subject to some conditions and reservations such as obtaining a written approval from the guardian along with a birth and medical fitness certificates from the competent medical authorities.
Employment for juveniles is regulated under the Federal Labour Law No. Article 23 of this law states that a juvenile cannot work at night, which is defined as anytime between 8pm and 6am. Article 25 of the Labour Law further states that the maximum hours of work in one day for juveniles is 6 hours. Adults and juveniles have the same rights in terms of break times, which should amount to no less than one hour. Furthermore, anyone under the age of 17 is restricted from working in certain work conditions such as:.
The Personal Status Law No.
UAE Laws & Regulations
The Personal Status Law is derived from Islamic Sharia principles and applies to UAE nationals and residents, unless non-Muslims wish to apply different rules in special cases as per their religion or laws of their home country. There are special courts and judges with adequate expertise in the UAE that look into such matters.
There are certain types of disputes that pass through a special committee first with aim to settle them amicably, failing which they get referred to the court. The Personal Status law specifies the role of custodians and guardians of children and the conditions that need to be satisfied for taking care of a child.